Leadership theories

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The role of a leader and leadership has become one of the most concerning problems for the organizations and for the business itself. The "Leaders are individuals who establish a direction for a working group of individuals and who gain commitment from this group of members to the established direction and who then motivate members to achieve the directions' outcomes" (Bhatti, 2019). To get long-term success and sustainability it is very important for the organization to have some change and for this they need to take practical steps. They should accept, adopt, and execute alterations in their business pattern according to the need, changing styles, technologies, priorities of the customer, and future requirements. Here comes the role of a leader that becomes very significant while dealing with an organization or handling the issue of organizational change. According to Kennedy the role of a leader is very important when it comes to bringing an effective change in the organization (Grasmick, 2019). In their book 'Organizational Change’, Senior and Fleming talked about the effective part of leadership and declare that a good leader is the one who can act as a change agent and is brave enough to take initiative. What kind of leadership is required to bring an innovative change in the organization? Leaders with charisma, passion, vision, knowledge, and skills are the ones who can bring about changes in the organization. 

The role of good leadership is being researched based on their capabilities and competencies and skills to address different problems (Catherine K. Lam, 2015). Many scholars and researchers have presented various leadership theories and styles to handle different situations that occur in the organization. In modern-day, the organizations are all living in a disrupting era. The changes in technology go from alteration to adaptation to distraction (Busse, 2018). Living in this age of disruptive technologies the organization needs to be very mindful regarding the surrounding changes. If there is any change that appears as a big threat for the organization demands proactive steps be taken or else it will have to face a severe crisis. To face this, the leader should be the one who can foresee and is focused on being an effective and successful leader instead of being a traditional leader (Grasmick, 2019). This means that the leader needs to be more prompt and responsive and not to be a traditional leader and adopt a modern style of leadership (Iqbal N, 2015).

The traditional and inward type of theories includes the Great man, the trait theory, and the Transactional theory (Grasmick, 2019). These theories have requested from the individual and impose a narrow leadership style on individuals and provide an unhealthy situation for the modern growth of an organization (Iqbal N, 2015). While, the contemporary and emerging theories are very progressive and suitable for any type of organization because they give more independence and instruct the decision depending on rational thinking (Halaychik, 2016). This theory is mostly participative and it involves the circumstances that are critical to adopt modern technologies. Here the leaders need to be proactive and knowledgeable about the changes occurring in their surroundings and develop a need-based relationship (Grasmick, 2019). 

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