sustainability comparison

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Sustainability solutions or sustainable development have been on the rise since a few decades. Developed countries have adopted sustainability measures to help the citizens and the country to grow more. Innovative ideas have been implemented that includes sustainability of some kind to be implemented in the countries. Many international organizations have provided objectives to be completed at the end of the given time period. However, there is a barrier to these sustainability measure that is poverty, this is the main concern of the developing countries. Due to poverty many developing countries cannot implement sustainability measures because of abundant resources, low investments and many more. The lower class doesn’t enjoy the easy access of everything like the upper middle and upper class. They poor are kept separate from the society and aren’t even considered as a part of the society. This essay will compare the two journal articles that look into sustainable solutions for the development countries and how the poor can improve their standard of living through new innovations. The essay will provide a brief summary of the two and how these papers are helpful the evaluate the topic of sustainability for the upcoming research. Both of these papers provide a way for the policy makers of the developing countries.

Summary for Khavul, S., & Bruton, G. D. (2012). Harnessing Innovation for Change: Sustainability and Poverty in Developing Countries. Journal of Management Studies, 50(2), 285–306.

In this paper the authors claim the lower class in the developing countries that, sustainability improving innovation can solve the deadlock at the connection of poverty, environment and sustainability. Nevertheless, for innovations to be successful for a long term, they need to constructed in way that take into account domestic clients, corporations’ ecosystems and networks. If these are not present then companies are at a risk of creating new innovation that frequently fail to be implemented and can never be introduced. Absent this, businesses run the risk of introducing innovations that repeatedly fail to be. Generating innovation with the righteous mind but with unethical individuals who doesn’t take into consideration the clients that can evolve new networks and the absence of corporations’ ecosystem to guide them will always dissatisfy the creators. The authors gave the example of mobile telecommunication technology that is an effective innovation and for the lower class too. Multiple developing countries have restricted amount of telephone lines. The developing countries couldn’t afford to lay new ones and can negatively impact the environment. Nevertheless, Kenya is one of the developing countries that helped the poor to obtain information and permitted them to communicate in order to enhance the standard of living. In this current era the wage of a laborer can be transferred through online banking services and mobile phone. Previously it was not possible, the person who wanted to transfer had to go to a nearby shop and the receiver had to go to distant shop to receive the cash. The receiver had to bear the cost of the journey and the cost from the shopkeeper. Telecommunication corporation should invest in keeping in mind the clients, their connection with the community and the environment these customers live in. In Kenya the mobile telecommunication innovation was success because mobile operators were subsidized along with private and governmental grants. New innovation like these have enhanced the standard of living of the poor and generated employment opportunities for them. Innovation can only occur keeping in mind the clients, networks and environment we live in.

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