Sustainability

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Introduction:

Sustainability emerged as a concept in the 20th century, it rapidly grabbed attention of the world discussing topics like environmental issues, economy and global politics. However, there are some challenges that are faced by the developing countries when implementing it to any country (Hasnan, 2016). The World Commission on Environment and Development defines sustainable development as “a development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (as cited in Chan, Darko, Olanipekun & Ameyaw, 2018). Researches have proved that sustainability has been quite successful in few countries and these countries are now the known as emerging countries in the world. However, there are few research evidences that shows sustainability hasn’t been quite successful in the developing countries. The implementation of the sustainability practices hasn’t curbed the grave issues like unemployment, poverty and environmental degradation (Ramos-Meja, Franco-Garcia & Jauregui-Becker, 2018). This essay will point out the poverty and youth unemployment as a challenge faced by the developing countries after implementing the sustainability exercises. The essay will also discuss how these issues are persistent in the developing countries as well as counter arguments to the main idea.

It is difficult for the developing countries to decrease poverty in spite of implementing sustainability measures. Poverty in the developing countries has been persistent since the start, the people living in lower class are mainly dependent on the natural resources in the developing countries. According to Messerli, Murniningtyas, Eloundou-Enyegue, Foli, Furman, Glassman & Richardson (2019). Moreover, these resources are scarce in the countries due to which these individuals are unable to get their hands on these resources. The reason why the poor aren’t able to get what they want is because of the upper hand of the capitalist individuals residing in the country. This is why the sustainability measures taken by the government weren’t fruitful. The rise of poverty in the developing countries have been due to the capitalist society that continue to work for themselves rather than for the country. If capitalist society in any country isn’t eradicated than the sustainability practice applied in the developing country to eliminate poverty won’t be that effective (Ali, 2016). Sustainability and poverty are intertwined that means that if sustainability practices are implemented impartially and efficiently than the countries can get rid of the social problem like poverty. A country can only become a developed nation when the poor people get equal rights as the rich.  

Poverty has been a major issue in the developing countries for quite a while now. The countries’ governments have taken initiatives to tackle this problem but for some poverty isn’t eradicated at all. Unlike the Malaysian economy, there has been a huge reduction in the poverty since the 1970s. According to Nair & Sagaran (2017), the poverty rate in Malaysia was 49.3% but in 2007 it was 3.6%, these values indicates a paradigm shift in the country. The government of the country helped the citizens in residing in the lower class to get equal opportunities in every phase of their life (Nair & Sagarnan, 2017). The policies implemented by the Malaysian government to eradicate poverty are; New Economic Policy (1971-1990), this policy aimed on reducing poverty entirely through increase in employment and a rise in income level. In National Development Policy (1991-200) envisioned on raising awareness of anti-poverty tactics. National Vision Policy (2001-2010) aimed on economic growth and through the process of this policy poverty would be eradicated from the country (Manaf & Ibrahim, 2017). However, poverty still persists in the country, people still suffer to get the basic necessities in Malaysia (Nair & Sagarnan, 2017). 

Poverty has been a global crisis across the world and has been affecting many countries. However, there is a country that made huge changes to their economy and now they are considered to be at the top in everything in the world. That country is China, at the time of independence it was considered to be the poorest and slow economies not only in the world but also in Asia. After the 1980s, Chinese government introduced anti-poverty policy that changed everything including economic growth in their country.  The current anti-poverty policy aims to eradicate the grassroots of poverty in China by the year 2020. Through eliminating two main issues that are regarding food and shelter and providing the basic necessities that is housing, health and easy access to education (Alike & Shen, 2017). Through sustainability measure Chine changed the face of its economy and now stands at the forefront in the world. These policies are multidimensional in nature and the country is considered a pioneer in applying this policy. From 1978 to 2010, two hundred and fifty million Chinese citizens have upgraded from extreme financial poverty, four hundred and thirty-nine individuals have upgraded from acute during 1990-2011 through 1.25 dollar per day standard (MDG Goal) (Alike & Shen, 2017). This example proved that through sustainability measures poverty can be eradicated completely in a country if that country appoints effective policies.

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