Sustainable Development Goal 3: Good Health and WellBeing - Vision Initiative

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Understanding Problem(s)

Sustainable development is a basic human right and a primary measure for wellbeing (Griggs et al., 2013). The failing health is undermining children's access to education, reducing men's and women's economic prospects, and growing poverty in societies and countries across the world. Apart from the causes of poverty, health is affected by poverty and closely related to other sustainable development factors, including water and sanitation, equality of genders, climate change and peace and stability (Robert, Parris, & Leiserowitz, 2005). The health and wellbeing of the people empower them to enhance their social, economic, productive areas (Nunes, Lee, & O'Riordan, 2016). There are an estimated 45 million blind people worldwide. Many people have lost sight of curable or preventable illnesses. 80% of them live in the less developed nations where the additional responsibility of the loss of vision aggravates chronic economic poverty. Without action, by 2020, a number of factors, particularly the fast aging of populations in most countries, would have caused blindness to reach 76 million. Despite primarily elderly people's eye disease, the expected doubling of the world's population from 50 to 2 milliards by 2020 has significant effects on blind and visually impaired people (Pizzarello et al., 2004). The Australian population is aging each passing year as the average age of Australians is increasing, it is estimated that by the total number of blind people or people that have vision loss are above 800,000 by the year 2020 (Vision Initiative, 2018). For all the human beings the eyes are the windows to develop and maintain a healthy brain function it is essential to have a good vision and sight as we have to be aware of our surroundings, the brain which is the most significant organ that allows us to live our complex life, vision from eyes provides a bridge to the brain to visualize and function accordingly, it can be said that if your eyes and sight are healthy the overall quality of life is increased (Lundström, Stenevi, & Thorburn, 2001). 

Defining Problem(s)

The people of Victoria require good health and well-being, specifically when it comes to treating and detecting preventable illnesses, it is essential for the people to be informed on all the possible preventable illnesses they can have. The massive spread of population which can vary in demographics, psychographics, behavioural, and geographic segments require and perceive information in a different manner, these segments amongst each population are dependent on the spread of information on the preventive healthcare (Vodopivec‐Jamsek, de Jongh, Gurol‐Urganci, Atun, & Car, 2012), it falls on the shoulders of the various NGOs and Government Organisation which focused on improving the health and well-being of the people.

 There are various people associated with the existing problem first and foremost the people which are affected by this problem, followed by the government and its agencies which are responsible for improving health and wellbeing of the citizens of Australia, healthcare professionals have a major role to play in improving the ratio of early detections for diseases, and health care industry as a whole are the major stakeholders of this problem.

From the above figure, we can see that government has the most interest and is aligned is a major and key stakeholder, people, and health care professionals are to be taken into the high-interest high alignment as each stakeholder plays a different role which is discussed as the people who seek a healthy life plays a major role when it comes to preventive healthcare they are primarily responsible for taking preventive actions such as tests, advice from healthcare professionals and gather information to improve and sustain their health and wellbeing. The government is primarily responsible for creating policies that protect its citizens from preventive illness by spreading the required information to the general public via local media campaigns and build the capacity of healthcare professionals in detecting at-risk people from non-tested and under-tested individuals. The constant stream of widespread information which is concise and clear to promote regular eye tests to regular people and at-risk people will aid in the elimination of preventable vision loss and blindness. The health care industry and the healthcare professionals play a key role in this problem it is imperative that the healthcare professionals gather all the provided information necessary to identify at-risk individuals by attending various seminars, training, and be familiar with the tools. The healthcare providers help communicate the importance of eye health to all individuals to be motivated to take regular eye tests. These efforts of spreading awareness and shedding light on the importance of early detection can improve eye health and vision care in Victorian communities (Access Economics Pty Limited, 2010).

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