Which factor affect the transition from school to employment of youth with disability in Australia

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Owing to the widely observed correlation between the disability and the disadvantage, including such unemployment and low wages it is noted that the people with disabilities are also a headset of public policies. While people with the disabilities and vulnerable children are at high side of disadvantage risk. The youth face a critical stage of their life that starts on the way to undergo certain transitions from their school to their post school life and from their adolescence to the early adulthood. The youth also starts their way to the path of independence at this particular stage of life. According to a research study conducted in 2010, there are strong impacts of the disability on the transitions from school to employment of disable youth even at their critical pints of the life and then consequently these strong impacts affect the wellbeing of a person in a life long manner (Peng 2010, 265). There is much literature that provides the linkage of disadvantage with the disability and potentially with the social inclusion from higher education and employments. However, there is limited research on the factors that affect the transition of disabled youth from their school to their employment stage.  

It is found that the disability is associated with some of the other factors of disadvantage that include unemployment, low income and poor attainment of education. The disability deepens the disadvantage that is pre-existing and may also entrench it. For instance, the increasing living costs and the loss of the income from particular employment may result in more disadvantage for the family especially in economical terms. Contrarily, there are also some of the other factors that affect the transition of youth that are disabled and are also facing disadvantage. These factors include low income, unemployment and these factors are also related to the residence of a person in the disadvantages location (Peng 2010, 265). Whenever the youth with disability finishes their school. They are way less likely to take part in the employment or even in the post secondary education. Thus, they are then highly likely to get out of the labour force in this case. Another consequence of this transition is that they have to bear the low income and go through their life with disability. These consequences are obviously due to some of the concrete barriers being confronted by the disabled youth. Such factors are considered to be attitudinal, social, physical, emotional and cultural. These factors provide a reason for them that discourage and prevent their participation in the mainstream activities and thus are excluded from decision and planning regarding the transition of people with disability from school to further education and employment and other main aspects of the adult life (Shogren et al. 2015, 256-267).  

The youth with disability and also poverty have to face jeopardy in double manner. Hence, poverty and disability are associated separately with the lower employment outcomes and poorer education. Thus, one of the factors identified for this transition from school to employment is poverty that creates situation for disabled youth to not reach and avail the employment opportunities (Enayati, Hassan and Kapur 2019, 235). There is a need and approach required to tackle these poor outcomes in order to improve the transition phase from their high school to their phase of adulthood. The differences in the consequences for the youth by welfare status and disability is identified by the model of linear probability and it was found that the major factor for the transition for disabled youth is the participation in the programs of school to work agendas and consequently this the lower employment opportunities of youth with disability, lower conviction rates and the lower incomes (Enayati, Hassan and Kapur 2019, 235).

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